了解事实:

加州高铁

破除加州高铁迷思 The California High-Speed Rail Authority (Authority) is responsible for planning, designing, building and operating the first high-speed rail system in the nation. High-speed rail will connect California’s megaregions, starting with the Merced to Bakersfield line as the first part of a building block approach. This high-profile project has generated significant publicity, leading to speculation and rumor. It is important to separate fact from fiction.

可持续性建造默塞德到贝克斯菲尔德对顺丰到洛杉矶的承诺

可持续性

误解:建设高铁造成的污染大于节省的。

事实:

Contract requirements dictate our construction sites have significantly better air quality than the California average. Our contractors use Tier 4 on- and off-road vehicles and technology to reduce nitrogen dioxide emissions. Site emissions are 60% lower than the state average.

The Authority has received the Envision Platinum rating from the Institute for Sustainable Infrastructure, their highest-level award.

误解:高铁导致蔓延。

事实:

超过 $1000 万的资金用于车站区规划工作,这将有助于创建繁荣和可持续的车站区。

重点城市之间的规划创造了有意义的联系和经济机会。

误解:将限额与交易收益投资于高铁没有产生任何结果。

事实:

Cap-and-Trade funding has helped spur nearly $4 billion of economic activity in disadvantaged communities and more than 400 disadvantaged workers have been dispatched to construction projects.

Of the nearly 700 small businesses participating in the high-speed rail program, 225 are Disadvantaged Business Enterprises. Almost 8,000 jobs have been created to work on building high-speed rail.

误区:高铁将成为电网的耗材。

事实:

高速铁路将使用完全由可再生能源提供的电力。

The Authority is committed to using 100% renewable energy to operate our trains and facilities.

误解:高铁现在对减少温室气体 (GHG) 排放毫无作用。

事实:

此刻,横跨北加州和南加州的铁路道口正在升级或取消。这减少了交通拥堵,提高了安全性并减少了空转车辆的温室气体排放。

一个铁路道口每年可造成多达 45 天的交通中断,每年会导致约 1,800 吨温室气体排放。

误解:加州可以做出更好的交通投资。

事实:

交通运输占加州排放的大部分,而高铁将通过减少交通排放来帮助该州实现其长期气候目标。高速铁路是加州可持续交通网络的重要组成部分。高铁的目标是减少拥堵和污染,同时改善流动性并增加就业机会和经济适用房。

随着加州人口的增加和我们的经济持续增长,高铁是唯一能够满足所有这些目标的模式。

建造

误解:高铁将是一列无处可去的火车。

事实:

加州高速铁路系统将连接该州 10 个最大城市中的 6 个。

误解:没有人再坐火车了。

事实:

其他拥有高速铁路系统的国家每年为 16 亿乘客提供服务。

Amtrak 的加利福尼亚走廊是全美最繁忙的走廊之一,2019 年有 1150 万人上下加利福尼亚的火车。

误区二:高铁不会高速。

事实:

在混合/共享走廊中,列车将按照法规要求减慢至每小时 110 英里。

However, speeds will top 220 miles per hour in other areas.

误解:加州高铁将以柴油为动力。

事实:

它将一直都是电动的。

加州高铁将使用 100% 可再生能源。

误解:高铁是解决问题的方法。

事实:

California’s population is projected to grow to more than 45 million by 2050. Transportation is a key contributor to emissions, and Los Angeles and San Francisco rank among the most gridlocked U.S. cities.

高铁系统是实现净零排放的关键组成部分 by transforming and reducing greenhouse gas emissions in the transportation sector, 帮助加州实现其气候目标.

Merced to Bakersfield Line

误解:高铁在加州已经死了。

事实:

Our 2022 Business Plan presents our vision for Initiating high-speed rail service in California as soon as possible while positioning ourselves to construct additional segments as funding becomes available.

It is our goal to commence testing of the electrified high-speed system in 2025, certify trains by 2027, and put electrified high-speed trains in service by the end of the decade.

误解:如果只是在中央山谷,没有人会乘坐高铁。

事实:

从默塞德到弗雷斯诺再到贝克斯菲尔德的 171 英里长的线路连接了加州中央山谷的三个最大城市,该地区约有 600 万人口,其中包括加州三所主要大学。

That’s more people than 15 states currently have (Wyoming, Vermont, Alaska, North Dakota, South Dakota, Delaware, Rhode Island, Montana, Maine, New Hampshire, Hawaii, Idaho, West Virginia, Nebraska, New Mexico). It will also connect three major California universities and 122 community colleges in the region.

误解:没有办法从中央山谷到达旧金山或洛杉矶。

事实:

作为全州铁路现代化计划的一部分,高铁将成为加州轨道交通的支柱。

It will allow for convenient connections including the Altamont Corridor Express service in Merced, which will soon have service to San José and the east Bay Area, the Amtrak San Joaquins service to Oakland and Sacramento, and connections from Bakersfield to Southern California.

误解:高铁只是一个就业计划。

事实:

High-speed rail is creating jobs and stimulating California’s economy, but that’s only part of the story.

There are currently 21 active construction sites spanning 119 miles from north of Fresno to north of Bakersfield, and work has been completed at State Route 99 and the Tuolumne Street Bridge in Fresno.

误解:高铁已经放弃旧金山和洛杉矶。

事实:

The Merced to Bakersfield line is the first building block for delivering high-speed rail passenger service in California. While we build that line, we are also advancing design and environmental work statewide to prepare to expand the system to the Bay Area and to Los Angeles and Anaheim, as funding becomes available

The Authority continues to invest in projects statewide that provide near-term regional mobility benefits and lay the foundation for high-speed rail service, including the Caltrain Electrification Project in Northern California and Link US at Los Angeles Union Station.

误解:高速不会经过中央山谷。

事实:

高速铁路从最初的 171 英里路段开始,将从默塞德延伸到贝克斯菲尔德。与此同时,我们将继续推进北加州和南加州的环境清理工作,以使这些项目部分为建设做好准备。

We have cleared one of the two Northern California sections and two of the four Southern California sections. We will be presenting final environmental documents for the other Northern California section to our Board of Directors in 2022, as we work to clear the two remaining Southern California sections.

对顺丰到洛杉矶的承诺

误解:高铁不会完全达到环保要求。

icon of State of California with windmill

事实:

从旧金山到洛杉矶/阿纳海姆的高速铁路项目 500 英里的一期线路中,近 300 英里已获得环境许可,其中 119 英里正在建设中。 管理局致力于清理从旧金山到洛杉矶/阿纳海姆的整个 500 英里系统。管理局的工作人员正在推动到 2023 年完成剩余的环境文件。 完成后,可以做进一步的工作来优化项目配置、绘制所需的通行权和其他施工前活动。

误解:修建从旧金山到洛杉矶的高铁太贵了。

icon of two bar charts with dollar signs, left chart taller with airplane and car on top, right chart lower with high-speed train on top

事实:

建设相当于高铁的道路和机场基础设施容量的成本要高得多。 估计需要花费 $122 到 $1990 亿来建设高速公路和机场基础设施,以承载与高速铁路系统同等数量的人员。高铁预计成本在 $72 到 $1050 亿之间。

误解:北加州在高速铁路方面没有取得任何进展。

icon of high-speed rail train in front of San Francisco skyline

事实:

管理局已经在北加州完成了几项资助协议,为高速铁路服务奠定基础,并提供近期的区域交通效益。 管理局已向加州火车的半岛走廊电气化项目捐款 $7.14 亿,为旧金山至圣何塞之间 51 英里的轨道电气化和升级,为湾区带来高铁服务,并提高加州火车的效率、容量、安全性和可靠性。

圣马特奥第 25 大道的分级分离、旧金山 Salesforce 中转中心的建设、市中心扩建项目和圣何塞 Diridon 站的规划等其他努力是完成硅谷至中央谷线的基本要素。

误解:南加州的高速铁路没有取得任何进展。

icon of high-speed rail train in front of Los Angeles city skyine

事实:

管理局正在与南加州合作伙伴合作,为该地区的高速铁路服务做好准备。 管理局已承诺投入 $4.23 亿资金用于洛杉矶联合车站的现代化改造,为该车站准备高铁以及在 Link Union Station (Link US) 项目下进行的其他改进。

在南加州的其他准备工作包括将 Brightline West 计划中的拉斯维加斯至维克多维尔高速铁路项目与我们的 SF 至洛杉矶/阿纳海姆路线连接起来,与 BNSF 铁路和其他利益相关者协调,使洛杉矶和阿纳海姆之间的轨道电气化,罗斯克兰的等级分离/ 圣达菲的 Marquardt 项目,以及规划车站设计和与 Palmdale 市的区域连接。

加利福尼亚州高铁管理局尽一切努力确保网站及其内容符合加利福尼亚州规定的Web内容可访问性指南2.0级AA标准所规定的ADA规定。如果您要查找不在加利福尼亚高速铁路管理局网站上的特定文件,则可以通过“公共记录法”页面根据“公共记录法”来请求该文件。如果您对网站或其内容有任何疑问,请通过以下方式与管理局联系: info@hsr.ca.gov.